Centre de recherche interuniversitaire sur la formation et la profession enseignante (CRIFPE)

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Publication

Monarrez, T., Kisida, B. & Chingos, M. (2019). Charter School Effects on School Segregation. Washington, D.C., USA : Urban Institute.

Résumé

Charter schools have been a polarizing issue in US public education. There is acontentious debate abouthow greater school choice could affect stratification by race or ethnicity. Charter school advocates argue that decoupling school assignment from intensely segregated residential neighborhoods should have a net positive impact on school integration. Charter school critics, however, are concerned that choice could increase racial and ethnic stratification. In this study, we provide the first nationally comprehensive examination of charter schooleffectson school segregation using longitudinal data on public school enrollment by grade level and race or ethnicity. We identify the causal charter school effectson segregation exploiting between-grade-level variation in the dynamics of charter school enrollment share within a school district in a given year from1998 to 2015. We find that charter schools increase the segregation of black, Hispanic, and white students in school districts. The magnitude of the estimated effect is modest, implying that segregation would fall 5percent ifcharter schools were eliminatedfrom the average district in our sample. Average treatment effect estimates mask considerable heterogeneity across states and by district type. The segregative effect of charterschools is greater in urban districts with high sharesof black and Hispanicstudents and in suburban districts with low black and Hispanicrepresentation. Our estimates are robust to severalmeasurement choices, model specifications, and levels of aggregation. Wealsopresent evidence suggesting that charter schools decrease segregationbetween districts in the same metropolitan area, especially incities with high levels of school district fragmentation.

Lien

https://www.urban.org/research/publication/charter-school-effects-school-segregation/view/full_report
Logos des universités associées au CRIFPE

Adresse civique

Université de Montréal
Faculté des Sciences de l'Éducation
CRIFPE
90, avenue Vincent d'Indy
Pavillon Marie-Victorin – C-536
Outremont (Québec) H2V 2S9

Adresse postale

Université de Montréal
Faculté des Sciences de l'Éducation
CRIFPE – C-543
C.P. 6128, succursale Centre-ville
Montréal (Québec) H3C 3J7