Centre de recherche interuniversitaire sur la formation et la profession enseignante (CRIFPE)

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Valdebenito, S., Eisner, M., Farrington, D. P., Ttofi, M. M. & Sutherland, A. (2018). School-based interventions for reducing disciplinary school exclusion : A Systematic Review. Oslo, Norway : Campbell Collaboration.


Discipline problems are frequent in schools and they may have harmful effects on pupils’ learning outcomes. A lack of discipline and the subsequent increase in school disorder can threaten the quality of instruction that teachers provide, hamper pupils’ acquisition of academic skills (e.g. resulting in low achievements or referrals for special educational provision) and reduce their attachment to the educational system (Sugai et al. 2000). Schools use different procedures to manage school disorder, including disciplinary rules or punishments (e.g. being told off by teachers, loss of privileges, detention hours or parent meetings). Among punishments used in schools, exclusion is normally seen as one of the most serious consequences of misbehaviour. Although the types and lengths of school exclusion (also known as school suspension)1 vary from country to country, it can be broadly defined as a disciplinary sanction imposed in reaction to students’ behaviour (i.e. violations of school policies) by teachers, the headteacher, disciplinary boards or any other school authority that entails a removal from regular teaching for a period of time (Costenbader & Markson, 1998; Hemphill, Plenty, Herrenkohl, Toumbourou, & Catalano, 2014). Fixed-term exclusions consist of a limited number of hours/days during which students are not allowed to share classroom lessons or be present on the school premises (Cornell et al. 2011). Permanent exclusion involves the pupil being removed from a particular school and transferred to another school or educated outside of school (Spink, 2011; Webb & Vulliamy, 2004).




Logos des universités associées au CRIFPE

Adresse civique

Université de Montréal
Faculté des Sciences de l'Éducation
90, avenue Vincent d'Indy
Pavillon Marie-Victorin – C-536
Outremont (Québec) H2V 2S9

Adresse postale

Université de Montréal
Faculté des Sciences de l'Éducation
CRIFPE – C-543
C.P. 6128, succursale Centre-ville
Montréal (Québec) H3C 3J7