Centre de recherche interuniversitaire sur la formation et la profession enseignante (CRIFPE)

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ACLU of Michigan, & GLSEN-Detroit (2019). What Schools Need to Know : LGBT Students and the Law. Detroit, USA : ACLU edition.




The American Civil Liberties Union of Michigan (ACLU) and the Gay, Lesbian and Straight Education Network (GLSEN) of Detroit undertook the project of researching, writing, publishing and distributing this publication because of the often-asked legal questions regarding the education and rights of our Gay, Lesbian, Bisexual and Transgender (LGBT) students, and the responsibilities of all school personnel to protect these students. Numerous studies have confi rmed that LGBT youth have higher rates of suicide, drug and alcohol abuse, pregnancy, running away, dropping out of school, harassment and violence at school than our heterosexual youth. This at-risk youth population includes those who are perceived by others to be gay, and students who are questioning their sexual orientation. The quotes cited throughout this booklet are from LGBT youth located in Michigan. One goal of this publication is to answer the legal questions that will help ensure that all students, regardless of sexual orientation, receive a quality education within a safe learning environment. All students have a U.S. constitutionally protected right to benefi t from the educational programs and activities (extracurricular and otherwise) offered in schools. A second goal is to assist school personnel – school administrators, teachers, counselors, support staff, coaches, activity sponsors, and bus drivers – in positive interactions with LGBT students. The fi nal goal is to help to avoid costly and, usually, unnecessary litigation and the ensuing negative media spotlight. This publication is divided into three parts: Issues of Freedom, Issues of Equality and Safety, and Suggestions for School Personnel. Also included are a listing of local, state and national resources, examples of policy, and an assessment for assessing a school’s climate. Regardless of whether a school is public or nonpublic, all school personnel are professionally and ethically responsible for every student in their charge. We hope you will fi nd this publication useful in assisting you in achieving your goal of providing a school environment where each student is valued and respected.


Logos des universités associées au CRIFPE

Adresse civique

Université de Montréal
Faculté des Sciences de l'Éducation
90, avenue Vincent d'Indy
Pavillon Marie-Victorin – C-536
Outremont (Québec) H2V 2S9

Adresse postale

Université de Montréal
Faculté des Sciences de l'Éducation
CRIFPE – C-543
C.P. 6128, succursale Centre-ville
Montréal (Québec) H3C 3J7