Centre de recherche interuniversitaire sur la formation et la profession enseignante (CRIFPE)

Votre Flash Player n'est pas à jour. Visitez le site de Adobe pour la plus récente version.


Santor, D. A., Bruckert, C. & McBride, K. (2019). Facing the Facts : The Escalating Crisis of Violence against Elementary School Educators in OntRIO. Ottawa, Ontario : University of Ottawa.




This report, which presents the results of the December 2017-2018 Harassment and Violence against Educators (Ontario) Survey, is organized into six substantive sections: (a) Harassment and violence in Ontario elementary schools: What does it look like? draws on qualitative data to describe educators’ experiences; (b) Frequency of harassment and violence reports on the quantitative analysis of violence and harassment rates; (c) Impact and implications examines the effect harassment and violence has on the health and wellbeing of educators and students as well as broader economic and societal implications; (d) Context and risk examines the quantitative and qualitative data through an intersectional gendered lens; (e) Reporting and reprisals describes reporting rates and considers impediments including the risk of reprisals, and, finally; (f) Resources and training presents what educators indicate they need. The report concludes with recommendations on how to address the escalating crisis of violence against educators in Ontario. Methodological notes Between the 4th and 21st of December 2018, 1,688 educators participated in the Harassment and Violence against Educators (Ontario) Survey. Ontario elementary school educators (contract and occasional teachers, PSP/ESPs, ECEs/DECEs, and other educational professionals) were asked about their experiences of a broad range of workplace harassment (e.g., slurs, insults, and put-downs) as well as threats, attempts, and acts of physical aggression in the 2017-2018 school year. In addition to documenting experiences, the goal of this research was to examine the frequency, impact, and response to harassment and violence against educators in publicly funded elementary schools in Ontario and to consider how experiences of harassment and violence are impacted by intersecting factors. Consistent with the 2011 survey conducted by the American Psychological Association Task Force on Violence Directed Against Teachers, we asked educators about harassment and violence from multiple sources, including students, parents, colleagues, and administrators (i.e., principals). We also included in our survey a number of specific types of harassing behaviour, including feeling “ganged up on,” false accusations, and rumours. This research is, to the best of our knowledge, the first that tracked false accusations and experiences of being ganged up on and one of the few surveys to deploy both quantitative and qualitative methods. The quantitative data analysis for this paper was generated using SAS/STAT software, Version [9.4] of the SAS System for Windows 10. The open-ended questions were thematically coded using NVivo software, Version [12] and subsequently subject to a horizontal and vertical analysis. In the interests of confidentiality, all quotations are presented in italics but without other identifiers (e.g., grade taught, gender, role). The investigators Dr. Darcy A. Santor is a practicing clinical psychologist and professor of psychology at the University of Ottawa. He has a long-standing interest in mental health in young people and in school-based mental health. Dr. Chris Bruckert is a professor of criminology at the University of Ottawa. She has been conducting research on, teaching about, and mobilizing against, gendered violence for over twenty-five years. Drs. Santor and Bruckert contributed equally to the design of the study, analysis of data, and interpretation of results. Kyle McBride, a student in the clinical psychology doctoral program in the School of Psychology at the University of Ottawa, assisted with data analysis and report formatting.


Logos des universités associées au CRIFPE

Adresse civique

Université de Montréal
Faculté des Sciences de l'Éducation
90, avenue Vincent d'Indy
Pavillon Marie-Victorin – C-536
Outremont (Québec) H2V 2S9

Adresse postale

Université de Montréal
Faculté des Sciences de l'Éducation
CRIFPE – C-543
C.P. 6128, succursale Centre-ville
Montréal (Québec) H3C 3J7