Centre de recherche interuniversitaire sur la formation et la profession enseignante (CRIFPE)

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British Council, De Schryver, C., Nielsen, M., Day, H., Johns, E. & Goldthorpe, J. (2019). Next Generation : Ethiopia. London, United Kingdom : British Council.




Young Ethiopians were optimistic about their own futures (77 per cent) and the future of Ethiopia (64 per cent think Ethiopia will improve in the next five years). Young people enthusiastically cited a series of positive changes and improvements they have witnessed in the past five years, including freedom of speech, press freedom, gender equality, access to sexual and reproductive healthcare, and improved educational opportunities. More than half of young people also felt that their role in Ethiopian society has improved over the last five years (54 per cent), and a similar proportion (55 per cent) felt they have more of a role in the community compared to their parents’ generation. Reflective of recent changes in Ethiopia, two-thirds of young people reported feeling more positive about their futures now, compared to 12 months ago (65 per cent). When we asked young people to choose three words to describe their country, the word most commonly chosen was ‘love’, a testament to the pride young people feel in their nation. While youth reported feeling positive, this optimism was quite fragile, and the issues experienced by youth at the time of this research were having a detrimental impact on their daily realities and decision making. Ethnic conflict and rapid political changes are causing anxiety and uncertainty for young Ethiopians. The biggest challenges experienced by young people at the time of this research included lack of employment opportunities (38 per cent), lack of access to housing or poor-quality housing (38 per cent), ethnic conflict and discrimination (38 per cent), political corruption and violence (36 per cent) and a lack of financial security (31 per cent).

Overall, younger participants (15–18) and young women tended to be more positive about the issues discussed in this report, whereas older participants (25–29), youth in Tigray and young men reported feeling more negative. We also saw some important differences in the views of urban and rural youth across major themes, reflecting their highly varied daily realities. Despite being an ethnically and religiously mixed, and politically divided, country, it is interesting to note that in terms of young people’s values and pride points in their country, there is more that unites than divides young Ethiopians. Across the locations we visited in our qualitative research,3 young people espoused the same values of faith, family, education, work and peace. There was also a high degree of consistency in the things that made young people proud to be Ethiopian – the food, coffee ceremonies, rich history and other cultural and religious traditions that make Ethiopia a unique place to live. Young people were also in agreement about the main issues that affect Ethiopia and impact youth. We summarise the findings for each of these below.


Logos des universités associées au CRIFPE

Adresse civique

Université de Montréal
Faculté des Sciences de l'Éducation
90, avenue Vincent d'Indy
Pavillon Marie-Victorin – C-536
Outremont (Québec) H2V 2S9

Adresse postale

Université de Montréal
Faculté des Sciences de l'Éducation
CRIFPE – C-543
C.P. 6128, succursale Centre-ville
Montréal (Québec) H3C 3J7